Content Vol. 2 N 6, 2016
 

Pages 309 - 348



Influence of performance contracting on performance in public institutions, a case of Kisii university, Kisii county, Kenya; D. M. Onsase, Maria Anyango, Fredrick Odoyo, N. B. Okelo; Inter. J. Acad. Stud.  2(6):(2016)309-314

Abstract:
The performance contracting report of 2014 from Kisii County indicates that the performance targets set for Kisii University for the year 2011 fell below the expected targets for the year 2013. The general objective of the study was to investigate the influence of performance contracting (service quality, efficiency, consistency and creativity) on institutional performance in Kisii University. A case study research design was adopted for this study. The target population consisted of 720 respondents stratified as follows; 700 employees of Kisii University, Kisii university students union leaders 10 and Kisii university student welfare leaders 10. The study concluded that performance contracting greatly influence institutional performance at Kisii University, also that there exists a correlation between the variables of performance contracting that is; (service quality, efficiency, consistency and creativity) and institutional performance. The study further concluded that all the variables under study had varying effects on the performance of Kisii University.

Key words:

Performance; Contracting; Service delivery; Efficiency; Consistency.



Theoretical and vibrationnal study of (CH3)4NSiF6 and (CH3)4NSbCl6; Omar Berradi, Mohamed Salahdine Elyoubi; Rachida Ghailane; Abdel-ilah Aziane; Inter. J. Acad. Stud.  2(6):(2016)315-327

Abstract: 
(CH3)4NSbCl6 and (CH3)4NSiF6 are face–centered cubic compounds at ambient temperature with a= 11.548 A° and 11.172 A°, respectively. The vibrational spectra  of  these two compounds are discussed in relation to their crystal structure and other compounds containing (CH3)4N+ ions the assignment of the observed bands is discussed .The Raman and infrared spectra of (CH3)4N)SiF6 show that the cations are not distorted inside the crystals and are weakly hydrogen-bonded to each other . The infrared spectrum of (CH3)4NSbCl6 confirms a cubic structure for this compound at  ambient temperature ,in which cations are in octahedral environment and can be interpreted as being disordered groups .No evidence could be found for the existence of hydrogen bonding  between  cations  and  anions in this compound .The phase transition of (CH3)4NSbCl6 is studied by means of Raman spectroscopy .It is believed to be governed by the recorientational motions of tetramethyl ammonium cations and may be classified as an order-disorder type.
Experimentally results are comparable with those obtained theoretically by HF method with the STO-3G basis.


Key words:

Infrared; Raman spectrum; Hartree –Fock; STO-3G.


None-quality costs evaluation in an integrated management system (quality, safety at work and environment) – Case of corrugated cardboard company; Aziane Abdelilah, Mohamed El Yachioui, Yassine EL Ammari, Omar Berradi, Mohamed Chellouli; Inter. J. Acad. Stud.  2(6):(2016)328-338

Abstract:
Eliminating all types of non-compliance becomes an obligation for management to improve business competitiveness. These non-compliances generate costs of none-quality which may, according to studies, up to 30% of turnover of a company. In order to effectively absorb these costs, it is essential to start first by their identification and evaluation. Malfunctions can occur at any stage, from procurement of raw material to production and marketing the finished products.
The objective of this work is to evaluate none-quality costs in a company specialized in production of paper and cardboard, in order to generate interest and deduce recommendations for improvement. Our results show that the none-quality costs (NQC) represent 13% of the annual production and losses due to internal issues are more important than external ones. This situation contributes in increasing the product cost’s price. To improve the quality and cost of its products the company should first reduce losses caused by none-quality costs. The Cost of Obtaining Quality (COQ) is an indicator that can be applied to assess quality within companies. The implementation of a progressive quality improvement process that seeks to reduce none-quality costs, through investments in prevention, is a first step towards the efficient management of quality.

Key words:

None-Quality Costs;Cost of Obtaining Quality; Non-Compliance;Losses; Competitiveness; Cardboard company.


Some electrochemically prepared metal glutarates as good thermal stabilizers for poly vinyl chloride (PVC); Ibtighaa K. Radhi, WidadS. Hanoosh, Anis A. AL-Najar; Inter. J. Acad. Stud. 2(6):(2016)339-348

Abstract: 
The electrochemically prepared glutarate salts of magnesium, manganese (II), barium, copper, nickel and zinc glutarate have been investigated as thermal stabilizers for poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC). Three different methods were used for such purpose. The zinc and copper glutarate were studied by two methods: The weight loss and the comparison of visual colour differences with respect to the heated PVC strips, while the thermal analysis technique were applied for all glutarete salts. These salts exhibited good thermal stability behavior for PVC. The stabilizing performance, zinc glutarate was more effective than cupper glutarate, particularly in the presence of D-sorbitol as costabilizer. Generally, It was found that no more than 1% of either the zinc and copper glutarate exhibited better stabilizing performance. Based on the obtained results thermal stability, It is concluded that those bilateral can be salts use as stabilizers for the material of poly vinyl chloride PVC.   

Key words:

PVC; Thermal stabilizer; Metal glutarates.


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